When does Ramadan Start?

It’s very simple, when the new moon is sighted anywhere in the world then the month of Ramadan begins, below are a list of numerous hadith that clearly state this simple fact. We shouldn’t forget that Allah (swt) created the moon and it is not beholden to borders. We don’t believe in nationalism so it doesn’t matter which country the moon is sighted in, we trust the word of any Muslim from any country.

What is said about sighting the crescent in the Qur’an?

“They ask you about the crescents. Say: They are but signs to mark fixed periods of time in the affairs of men and for pilgrimage.” (TMQ 2:189)

“Whoever witnesses the crescent of the month, he must fast the month.” (TMQ 2:185)

What is said about sighting the crescent in the Sunnah?

The Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وسلم ordered us when he صلى الله عليه وسلم said:

“Whenever you sight the new moon (of the month of Ramadan) observe fast, and when you sight it (the new moon of Shawwal) break it, and if the sky is cloudy for you, then observe fast for thirty days.” [Sahih Muslim. Hadith No 2378. Narrated by Abu Hurayrah]

Abu Hurayrah narrates that Allah’s Messenger (SAW) said: Observe fast on sighting it (the moon) and break (fast) on sighting it (the new moon). If sky is cloudy for you, then complete the number (of thirty). (TMH Sahih Muslim, 2379)

Abu Hurayrah narrates that Allah’s Messenger said: Observe fast on sighting it (the new moon) and break it on sighting it. But if (due to clouds) position of the month is concealed from you, you should then count thirty (days). (Shih Muslim, 2380)

Abdullah Ibn Umar narrates that Allah’s Messenger (SAW) once mentioned Ramadhan and said: Do not begin the fast until you see the moon, and do not break the fast (at the end of Ramadhan) until you see it. If the new moon is concealed from you, then work out (when it should be. (TMH Al-Muwatta, 18.1.1)

Abdullah Ibn Abbas narrates that’ Allah’s Messenger (SAW) once mentioned Ramadhan and said: Do not start the fast or break it until you see the new moon. If the new moon is obscured from you, then complete a full thirty days. (TMH Al Muwatta, 18.1.3)

Abu Umayr Ibn Anas reported on the authority of some of his paternal uncles who were companions of the Prophet (SAW): Some men came riding to the Prophet (SAW) and testified that they had sighted the new moon on the previous day. He, therefore, commanded the people to break the fast and to their place of prayer in the morning. (TMH Abu Dawood, 1153)

Abdullah ibn Abbas narrates that a Bedouin came to the Prophet (SAW) and said: I have sighted the moon. Al-Hasan added in his version: that of Ramadhan. He asked: Do you testify that there is no good but Allah? He replied: Yes. He again asked: Do you testify that Muhammad is the Apostle of Allah? He replied: Yes. And he testified that he sighted the moon. He said: Bilal, announce to the people that they must fast tomorrow. (TMH Abu-Dawood, 2333)

The dates given in the table below are an approximate guide for when Ramadan begins and when Ramadan ends.

Ramadan Dates Table

Weekday When does Ramadan Begin? When does Ramadan end?
Thu 18th June 2015  18th – 19th July 2015
Tue 7th June 2016  7th – 8th July 2016
Wed 27th May 2017  27th – 28th June 2017
Mon 16th May 2018  16th – 17th May 2018
Fri 6th May 2019  6th – 7th May 2019
Sun 24th May 2020  24th – 25th June 2020

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